For this he was impeached and condemned to exile. Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus, legendary Roman hero of patrician descent who was said to have lived in the late 6th and early 5th centuries bc; the subject of Shakespeare’s play Coriolanus. during the war against the Volscians (but see below). OF CAIUS MARCIUS CORIOLANUS HOW HE WON HIS NAME, HOW HE WAS EXILED AND WHAT CAME OF IT. The name Coriolanus may have been derived from his settling in the town of Corioli after his banishment. After this the Romans sent the ten chief men of the Senate, and then all the priests and augurs. Of Caius Marcius Coriolanus How he Won his Name, How he was Exiled and What Came of It. The Romans were at war with the Volscians. In 491, when there was a famine in Rome, he advised that the people should not receive grain unless they … CORIOLANUS, GAIUS (or Gnaeus) MARCIUS, Roman legendary hero of patrician descent. with an English Translation by. Postquam reges exacti erant, Romani ex urbe expulerunt Caium Marcium, quem Coriolanum cognominaverant, quia difficili proelio Coriolos, Volscorum oppidum, expugnaverat. He received his toponymic title "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. n Gaius Marcius . Gaius Marcius Coriolanus is believed to be a legendary Roman general who lived in the 5th century BC. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Gaius Marcius Coriolanus synonyms, Gaius Marcius Coriolanus pronunciation, Gaius Marcius Coriolanus translation, English dictionary definition of Gaius Marcius Coriolanus. "Coriolanus" shows remarkable insight into human failings; a proper purge for politicians of any time and place. According to the Roman historian Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE), Marcius received his surname Coriolanusin the war against the Volsci. He was then promoted to a general. He lost his father while yet a child, and under the training of his mother, whom he loved exceedingly, grew up to be a brave and valiant man; but he was likewise noted for his imperious and proud temper. He received his toponymiccognomen"Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volsciancity of Corioli. He goes to the wars and is crowned with a garland of oaken boughs. According to legend he was expelled from Rome because he demanded the abolition of the people's tribunate in return for distributing state grain to the starving plebeians. He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. Coriolanus, Gaius Marcius (5th century bc), Roman general, who got his name from the capture of the Volscian town of Corioli, but whose pride, despite his military prowess and fame, was so offensive to the people of Rome that he was banished. He died among the Volsci. This was the world of the Roman nobleman Gnaeus Marcius: threatened by Volsci and Aequi, and internally divided. Pochi anni dopo, però, Coriolano dovette abbandonare Roma, poiché era malaccetto ai plebei a causa della sua arroganza e della sua presunzione. Scholars often group the work as one of Shakespeare’s “Roman plays,” along with Antony and Cleopatra and Julius Caesar. Type of Work. "The list of his conquests is only that of a portion of those made by the Volscians transferred to a Roman whose glory was flattering to national vanity." He now took refuge among the Volscians, and promised to assist them in war against the Romans. He was then promoted to a general. Gaius Marcius (Caius Martius) Coriolanus () was a Roman general who is said to have lived in the 5th century BC. I Romani chiamarono "Coriolano" Caio Marcio, perché cinse d'assedio Corioli, città dei Volsci, e la conquistò con una violenta battaglia. The Romans were at war with the Volscians. According to tradition, he owed his surname to his bravery at the siege of Corioli (493 bc) in the war against the Volsci. According to tradition, he owed his surname to his bravery at the siege of Corioli (493 bc) in the war against the Volsci. Whether he had any share in bringing about the peace of 458, Niebuhr considers doubtful. Volumnia’s speech reminds Coriolanus where his commitments lay, and that he cannot escape his true Roman identity.Volumnia said in the very first act that she would rather have a son die nobly for the state than to seek-out his own pleasures, and she instills this in Coriolanus (1.3.24-25). The hero, Caius Marcius Coriolanus, is a fearless soldier and a superb leader, but he is so consumed by vanity that he first betrays his country, and then the enemies who had befriended him. The general was charged with misappropriation of public funds, convicted, and permanently banished from Rome. As a general, he successfully led the city's soldiers against an enemy tribe, the Volscians. Whilst the Romans were forcused on the siege, another Volscian force arrived from Antiumand attacked the Romans, and at the same time the soldiers of Corioli launched a sally. Coriolanus is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1605 and 1608. Od. Plutarch's Lives. Omissions? According to tradition, his surname was due to the bravery displayed by him at the siege of Corioli (493 B.C.) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. But his haughty bearing towards the commons excited their fear and dislike, and when he was a candidate for the consulship, they refused to elect him. But Coriolanus would not listen to them. Sed Coriolanus, quia plebeis ob … Siamo spiacenti, per oggi hai superato il numero massimo di 15 brani Registrandoti gratuitamente alla Splash Community potrai visionare giornalmente un numero maggiore di traduzioni! He led back his army, and lived in exile among the Volscians till his death. Then, at the suggestion of Valeria, the noblest matrons of Rome, headed by Veturia, and Volumnia, the wife of Coriolanus, with his two little children, came to his tent. The patrician house of the Marcii in Rome produced many men of distinction, and among the rest, Ancus Marcius, grandson to Numa by his daughter, and king after Tullus Hostilius; of the same family were also Publius and Quintus Marcius, which two conveyed into the city the best and most abundant supply of water they have at Rome. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Legend, traditional story or group of stories told about a particular person or place. For this the tribunes had him condemned to exile. When the enemy made a sally, Marcius at the head of a few brave men drove them back, and then, single-handed (for his followers could not support him), drove the Volscians before him to the other side of the town. According to Plutarch, Coriolanus represented the Roman aristocracy. Plutarch, Caius Marcius Coriolanus Bernadotte Perrin, Ed. Gaius Marcius Coriolanus ⓘ Gaius Marcius Coriolanus He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. The account of his condemnation is not applicable to the state of things earlier than 470 BCE, about which time a famine happened, while Hiero was tyrant of Syracuse, and might have been induced by his hostility to the Etruscans to send corn to the Romans. Coriolanus, written by William Shakespeare in 1608, is the tragic story of the Roman General Caius Marcius Coriolanus.The story is one of a brilliant general who, after his greatest victory, takes up a career in politics. In the first years of the fifth century, this mountain tribe had taken over parts of southern Latium, and had captured Antium (modern Anzio and Nettuno). So in memory of his prowess the surname Coriolanus was given him. Caius Marcius Coriolanus a Romanis appellabatur. He received his toponymic cognomen "Coriolanus" because of his exceptional valor in a Roman siege of the Volscian city of Corioli. For the principal treatment of the…. TESTO - Romani Caium Marcium Coriolanum cognominaverunt quia aspero proelio Coriolos Volscorum oppidum, obsiderat atque expugnaverat. Coriolanus was appointed general of the Volscian army. Attius Tullius, the king of the Volscians, found a pretext for a quarrel, and war was declared. Romani Caium Marcium, cum Volscos aspero proelio vicisset eorumque oppidum expugnavisset, Coriolanum cognominaverunt. Romani Caium Marcium cognominaverunt Coriolanum, quod aspero proelio Coriolos, Volscorum oppidum, obsederat et expugnaverat. The play is based on the life of the legendary Roman leader Caius Marcius Coriolanus. He was subsequently exiled from Rome, and led troops of Rome's enemy the Volsci to besiege Rome. To these terms the deputies could not agree. Caius Marcius Coriolanus Or C. Coriolanus, the hero of one of the most beautiful of the early Roman legends, was said to have been the son of a descendant of king Ancus Marcius. Gaius Marcius (Caius Martius) Coriolanus was a Roman general who is said to have lived in the 5th century BC. But he refused to make peace unless the Romans would restore to the Volscians all the lands they had taken from them, and receive all the people as citizens. Coriolanus came to fame as a young man serving in the army of the consul Postumus Cominius Auruncus in 493 BC during the siege of the Volscian town of Corioli. His mother's name, according to the best authorities, was Veturia (Plutarch calls her Volumnia). Hear first how Caius Marcius came to be called Coriolanus, he who was the mightiest soldier, the strongest, bravest patrician in Rome. Source for information on Coriolanus, Gaius Marcius: The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable dictionary. This article incorporates text from Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870) by William Smith, which is in the public domain. In 491, when there was a famine in Rome, he advised that the people should not receive grain unless they would consent to the abolition of the office of tribune. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Corrections? I Romani chiamarono "Coriolano" Caio Marcio, perché cinse d'assedio Corioli, città dei Volsci, e … Sed Coriolanus, quia plebeis ob superbiam suam invisus erat, Romam reliquit et ad Volscos, olim inimicos suos, contendit. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Gnaeus-Marcius-Coriolanus, Livius - Biography of Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus, Encyclopedia of Myths - Biography of Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus. After defeating the Volscians and winning support from the patricians of the Roman Senate, Coriolanus argued against the democratic inclinations of the plebeians, thereby making many personal enemies. When he stands for the consular elections, his temperament and hostility to the plebian class earn him the hatred of the people who promptly depose him and exile him from Rome. He was said to have fought in the battle by the lake Regillus, and to have won a civic crown in it. Coriolanus (Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus) (kôr'ēəlā`nəs), Roman patrician.He is said to have derived his name from the capture of the Volscian city Corioli. Hear first how Caius Marcius came to be called Coriolanus, he who was the mightiest soldier, the strongest, bravest patrician in Rome. The only success in this war was the capture of a village na…